Patna is an ancient, historical and religious city in the north Indian state of Bihar. Lying on the banks of River Ganga, the city was once the legendary seat of learning and culture, and the rich imprints of the glorious bygone era are unmistakably visible even today at every corner here. Notwithstanding the disorganized chaos of the present day, the city prides for a prosperous past when it was called Patliputra.
Patna has seen the sway and decline of many empires in its 3000-year-old past, starting from the founding of it as the capital of Mauryan and Gupta dynasties. A gateway town for the Buddhist circuit, the unrivalled heritage and historical appeal draws a huge number of tourists from across the globe. Many ancient monuments dot the landscape here to mirror a past that was utterly glorious.
Ranked among the oldest existing cities of the world, the Patna of today wraps a charming veil of heritage, art and antiquity. Tourist attractions are in plenty here and most of them symbolize a richness of ancient times and finesses of architectural nuances. A visit to the historic Patna Museum and Takht Har Mandir is sure to relish the spectacle of history, piety and art on offer.
The Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library in Patna is a notable site for its singular manuscripts (Arabic and Persian) and paintings (Rajput and Mughal). The birth place of the 10th Sikh Guru is not to be missed for its profound religious significance. The Pathar ki Masjid – built by the son of Jehangir -- is a nearby mosque that exhibits the Mughal might on full scale.
To view the Patna city atop a 29 meter height, you have to visit the 17th century circular building of Golghar. The Kumrahar excavations is a must visit for its archeological worth and ruins. Other places to visit here include Mahatma Gandhi Setu and Shershah Masjid. Don’t forget to visit the nearby excursions to noteworthy places of Bodhgaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Vaishali and Pawapuri.